In simple terms, SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)/TLS(Transport Layer Security) is one of the security technology protocols which is used to establish a secure connection between web server and web browser. These protocols help the users to transmit sensitive information like login details, bank details in an encrypted form.
SSL (Secure Socket Layer)
SSL stands for “Secure Socket Layer“, SSL was invented by Netscape communications Corporations in 1994 to secure internet communications over the World Wide Web. SSL 3.0 is the latest version and is widely used in servers and supported by all browsers. SSL allows you to transmit private data online. when the SSL certificates installed in your web server, it shows the green Padlock with HTTPS and allows secure connections from a web server to a web browser.
TLS (Transport Layer Security)
TLS stands for “Transport Layer Security“, it is similar to SSL but provides more security. The TLS is an updated version of SSL. TLS creates secure communication over the internet for faxing, email and other data transfers. TLS composed of two layers. They are TLS Record Protocol and TLS Handshake Protocol. The record provides connection security, the handshake protocol allows the server and client to authenticate each other and to communicate encryption algorithms and cryptographic keys before any data exchanged.
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