C++ is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language (OOP) developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs in the 1980s. It was created as an extension of the C language as he wanted a flexible and efficient language like C. C++ is considered as an intermediate-level language which encapsulates both the high and low-level language features. Initially, it was called as “C with classes” as it had all the properties of C with an additional concept of “classes”. Then it was renamed as C++ in 1983.

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