HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol
HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol is a standard that allows users of the World Wide Web to exchange information any web pages. Hypertext is structured text that used logically linked between nodes containing text and it has set of rules. It is a protocol to exchange or transfer hypertext. The standard port for HyperText Transfer Protocol) connection through the port number “8o” and it is an application protocol that runs on top of the TCP/IP suite of the protocol.
HyperText Transfer Protocol resources are identified and located on the network by Uniform Resource Locators (URL’s) using the Uniform Resources Identifiers (URI’s) schemes HTTP and HTTPS. HyperText Transfer Protocol provides a general framework for access control and authentication via an extensible set of challenge-response authentication schemes, which can be used by a server to challenge a client request and by a client to provide authentication information.
Below are a few of the major facts on HTTP.
- The term HTTP was coined by Ted Nelson.
- The standard port for HTTP connections is port 80.
- HTTP/0.9 was the first version of the HTTP, and was introduced in 1991.
- HTTP/1.0 is specified in RFC 1945, and was introduced in 1996.
- HTTP/1.1 is specified in RFC 2616, and was officially released in January 1997.